Cisco on Wednesday announced security updates for several enterprise applications to patch high-severity vulnerabilities leading to privilege escalation, SQL injection, directory traversal, and denial-of-service (DoS).
The most severe of these impacts the web management interface of Cisco Unified Communications Manager (Unified CM) and Unified Communications Manager Session Management Edition (Unified CM SME).
Tracked as CVE-2023-20211 (CVSS score of 8.1), the bug is described as an improper validation of user-supplied input that could allow a remote, authenticated attacker to perform an SQL injection attack.
“An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by authenticating to the application as a user with read-only or higher privileges and sending crafted HTTP requests to an affected system. A successful exploit could allow the attacker to read or modify data in the underlying database or elevate their privileges,” Cisco explains.
Cisco addressed the flaw with the release of Unified CM and Unified CM SME versions 12.5(1)SU8 and also released a patch file for version 14 of the applications.
The tech giant warns that proof-of-concept (PoC) exploit code targeting the vulnerability has been released.
On Wednesday, Cisco also announced patches for CVE-2023-20224, an elevation of privilege bug in the ThousandEyes Enterprise Agent, Virtual Appliance installation type.
Also rooted in the insufficient input validation of user-supplied input, the issue could allow an attacker to authenticate to an affected device via crafted commands. The attacker could then execute commands with root privileges.
The tech giant notes that the attacker must have valid credentials to exploit this vulnerability. The bug was addressed in ThousandEyes Enterprise Agent version 0.230.
While Cisco has not mentioned this, KoreLogic, the company whose researchers discovered the vulnerability, made public technical details this week.
Another insufficient input validation issue, this time in the Duo Device Health Application, could allow attackers to conduct directory traversal attacks and overwrite arbitrary files. Tracked as CVE-2023-20229, the flaw was resolved in version 5.2.0 of the application.
Cisco also announced patches for two DoS vulnerabilities in ClamAV, the free antimalware toolkit that the company included in Secure Endpoint Connectors for Linux, macOS, and Windows, and in Secure Endpoint Private Cloud.
The first of these, CVE-2023-20197, was identified in the filesystem image parser for Hierarchical File System Plus (HFS+) of ClamAV. PoC code targeting the bug has been released publicly, Cisco warns.
Cisco says it is not aware of any of these vulnerabilities being exploited in malicious attacks. However, users are advised to update their installations as soon as possible, as known vulnerabilities in Cisco appliances are often exploited in the wild.
Additional information on the addressed vulnerabilities can be found on Cisco’s product security page.
*updated the patched ThousandEyes Enterprise Agent version and added that KoreLogic has released technical details