Connect with us

Hi, what are you looking for?



Web Browsers Vulnerable to 14 New Types of XS-Leak Attacks

Researchers from two universities in Germany have developed a tool that can be used to check web browsers for cross-site leaks, and they claim to have identified 14 new attack classes.

Researchers from two universities in Germany have developed a tool that can be used to check web browsers for cross-site leaks, and they claim to have identified 14 new attack classes.

Cross-site leaks, also known as XS-Leaks, are a type of browser side-channel attack that can allow a malicious website to infer and collect potentially sensitive user information from other sites by bypassing security mechanisms such as same-origin policy.

Same-origin policy is designed to restrict how a document, script or media file loaded by one origin can interact with a resource from another origin. However, over the years, researchers have identified many methods that can be used to bypass this security mechanism.

XS-Leak attacks

Researchers from Ruhr-Universität Bochum and Niederrhein University of Applied Sciences recently tested a total of 56 browser and operating system combinations against 34 XS-Leak methods, including methods related to status code, redirects, API usage, page content, and HTTP headers.

The researchers devised a formal model for XS-Leaks and showed how the model can be leveraged to gain an in-depth understanding of the root cause of a vulnerability. This model also led to the discovery of the 14 new attack types.

They have also developed an open source tool, named XSinator, that can be used to test a web browser. The researchers have also set up a website that shows the results of the tests they have conducted against various versions of Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Safari, Opera, Samsung Internet, and Tor Browser on desktop and mobile platforms.

In some cases, the cross-site leak attacks work against newer versions of a browser, while in other cases the older versions of a browser are impacted. The findings have been reported to impacted vendors.

Advertisement. Scroll to continue reading.

The researchers have proposed new types of mitigations for preventing these types of attacks.

Related: Chrome 94 Update Patches Actively Exploited Zero-Day Vulnerability

Related: Google Patches 19 Vulnerabilities in Chrome 95 Browser Refresh

Related: Websites Can Exploit Browser Extensions to Steal User Data

Written By

Eduard Kovacs (@EduardKovacs) is a contributing editor at SecurityWeek. He worked as a high school IT teacher for two years before starting a career in journalism as Softpedia’s security news reporter. Eduard holds a bachelor’s degree in industrial informatics and a master’s degree in computer techniques applied in electrical engineering.

Click to comment

Daily Briefing Newsletter

Subscribe to the SecurityWeek Email Briefing to stay informed on the latest threats, trends, and technology, along with insightful columns from industry experts.

SecurityWeek’s Threat Detection and Incident Response Summit brings together security practitioners from around the world to share war stories on breaches, APT attacks and threat intelligence.


Securityweek’s CISO Forum will address issues and challenges that are top of mind for today’s security leaders and what the future looks like as chief defenders of the enterprise.


Expert Insights

Related Content


Less than a week after announcing that it would suspended service indefinitely due to a conflict with an (at the time) unnamed security researcher...

Data Breaches

OpenAI has confirmed a ChatGPT data breach on the same day a security firm reported seeing the use of a component affected by an...

Risk Management

The supply chain threat is directly linked to attack surface management, but the supply chain must be known and understood before it can be...


The latest Chrome update brings patches for eight vulnerabilities, including seven reported by external researchers.


Patch Tuesday: Microsoft warns vulnerability (CVE-2023-23397) could lead to exploitation before an email is viewed in the Preview Pane.


Apple has released updates for macOS, iOS and Safari and they all include a WebKit patch for a zero-day vulnerability tracked as CVE-2023-23529.

IoT Security

A group of seven security researchers have discovered numerous vulnerabilities in vehicles from 16 car makers, including bugs that allowed them to control car...

IoT Security

A vulnerability affecting Dahua cameras and video recorders can be exploited by threat actors to modify a device’s system time.