Updates released this week by Apple for its macOS operating systems patch a total of 59 vulnerabilities, including roughly 30 that could lead to the execution of arbitrary code.
An attacker able to exploit the most severe of these issues would execute code within the context of the application, with the same privileges as the current user. Some of the bugs, Apple explains in its advisory, could be exploited to execute code with system or kernel privileges.
macOS Big Sur 11.1, Security Update 2020-001 for Catalina, and Security Update 2020-007 for Mojave address flaws in components such as Audio, App Store, Bluetooth, CoreAudio, FontParser, Graphics Drivers, Kernel, ImageIO, Intel Graphics Driver, libxml2, Ruby, WebRTC, and Wi-Fi.
Components that were affected the most are ImageIO (eight flaws, six resulting in arbitrary code execution), FontParser (seven vulnerabilities, six leading to arbitrary code execution), and Kernel (seven bugs, three resulting in applications being able to execute arbitrary code with kernel privileges).
Apple says many of the issues were corrected via improved input validation. Improved state management, improved checks and bounds checking, and other similar enhancements were used to address remaining flaws.
This week, Apple also released updates for tvOS and watchOS, to resolve 9 and 10 vulnerabilities in each, respectively. Just as with the release of iOS 14.3 and iPadOS 14.3, these updates are meant to fix arbitrary code execution, memory disclosure, heap corruption, and authentication policy violation flaws.
The company also patched vulnerabilities with the release of macOS Server 5.11 (open redirect/cross-site scripting in Profile Manager), Safari 14.0.2 (arbitrary code execution in WebRTC), iOS 12.5 (authentication policy violation in Security), and watchOS 6.3 (authentication policy violation in Security).
In an advisory, the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC) notes that there are no reports of the addressed vulnerabilities being exploited in live attacks.
Related: Apple to Press Ahead on Mobile Privacy, Despite Facebook Protests
Related: Researchers Get Big Bounties From Apple For Critical Vulnerabilities
Related: Apple Patches Four Vulnerabilities in macOS