A declassified joint report from several United States agencies assesses that Russian and Iranian threat actors did attempt to meddle in the 2020 U.S. presidential election, but claims that the technical integrity of the voting process wasn’t affected.
The declassified version of the report includes key judgments from the classified report to the president, but without full supporting information and without providing details on specific intelligence methods, reports, and sources.
The joint report is meant to provide information on the extent to which foreign actors attempted interference with the 2020 U.S. elections, along with details on whether these adversaries targeted political organizations, campaigns, or election candidates, and an assessment on whether the attacks were able to successfully compromise the targeted infrastructure.
Without attempting to assess the effect of foreign interference on public perception or on the behavior of voters, the joint report reveals that there’s no evidence that foreign government-affiliated actors were able to prevent or alter votes, or disrupt the ability to tally votes or deliver election results, or compromised the integrity of voter registration information.
However, Russian and Iranian adversaries did target critical infrastructure sectors and successfully compromised “the security of several networks that managed some election functions.” The integrity of voter data and the technical aspect of the voting process, however, were not impacted.
“We identified several incidents when Russian, Chinese, and Iranian government-affiliated actors materially impacted the security of networks associated with or pertaining to US political organizations, candidates, and campaigns during 2020 federal elections,” the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) say.
According to the report, the Kremlin authorized influence operations that sought to denigrate President Biden’s candidacy, undermine people’s confidence in the election process, or support former President Trump. However, there were no persistent attempts from Russian actors to compromise the election infrastructure, the report reveals.
State-sponsored Iranian threat actors, the report claims, engaged in an influence campaign meant to “undercut former President Trump’s reelection prospects” and undermine confidence in the election process.
China, on the other hand, “did not deploy interference efforts and considered but did not deploy influence efforts intended to change the outcome of the U.S. Presidential election,” the report reads. The reason, the agencies say, was that China was looking to strengthen its relations with the U.S.
Other foreign actors, such as Lebanese Hizballah, Cuba, and Venezuela, also made small attempts to influence the elections, mainly driven by financial reasons. However, they are believed to have failed in their attempts, despite public claims, the report reads.
“We have no evidence—not through intelligence collection on the foreign actors themselves, not through physical security and cybersecurity monitoring of voting systems across the country, not through post-election audits, and not through any other means—that a foreign government or other actors compromised election infrastructure to manipulate election results,” the DoJ and DHS say.
Regardless, the agencies do make a series of recommendations on how to improve the overall resilience of the electoral process to interference attempts, including through cyber and physical security hygiene, management of third-party vendor security and supply-chain risks, and public messaging and education.