Researchers at Forcepoint Security Labs have been monitoring the activities of a threat group that has targeted the websites of ministries, embassies and other organizations from around the world in a reconnaissance campaign.
While it’s unclear exactly who is behind the operation and what their motives are, evidence points to an advanced persistent threat (APT) actor that leverages techniques similar to the ones used by the Russia-linked group known as Turla.
According to the security firm, the attacks targeted the websites of foreign affairs ministries in Moldova, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan; embassies of Russia, Zambia, Jordan and Iraq; a political party, a sports association and a government-run sustainability organization in Austria; a news company in Somalia, a socialist organization in Spain, a road safety entity in Ukraine; a French international cooperation organization; and a plant society and a union in Africa.
Experts pointed out that all of the targeted embassy websites belong to embassies located in the United States, in Washington D.C.
The attackers injected malicious code into each of the compromised sites in an effort to profile their visitors. The malicious code is disguised as a script associated with the web analytics service Clicky.
The hacked sites communicate with various domains; the oldest of them, nbcpost[.]com, registered in December 2015. In November 2016, the attackers started using psoncorp[.]com and mentalhealthcheck[.]net, both registered in February 2016, and this week they began using travelclothes[.]org, a domain registered in November.
Researchers said a majority of the websites were breached in April 2016 and some of them were under the attackers’ control for up to 10 months.
Forcepoint believes these attacks could be linked to Turla, also known as Waterbug, Venomous Bear and KRYPTON. This theory is based on the overlap in targets and the fact that Turla has been known to use fake web analytics scripts in their reconnaissance campaigns.
Switzerland’s GovCERT reported in May 2016 that the Turla attack aimed at Swiss defense firm RUAG involved malicious code disguised as Google Analytics scripts.
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