An exploit for a recently patched Adobe Flash Player vulnerability has been added to the Angler exploit kit and it has been used by cybercriminals to deliver the file-encrypting ransomware known as TeslaCrypt.
The French security researcher who uses the online moniker “Kafeine” reported last week that an exploit for a Flash Player heap buffer overflow vulnerability (CVE-2015-8446) patched by Adobe on December 8 had been added to Angler. This flaw, reported by an anonymous researcher via the Zero Day Initiative (ZDI), was one of the 77 security issues resolved by Adobe with the release of Flash Player 18.104.22.168 and 22.214.171.124.
Kafeine reported that an exploit for this vulnerability was added to Angler on December 14. The instance observed by the researcher had been used to deliver the Bedep ad fraud malware.
On Saturday, antimalware firm Malwarebytes warned that the CVE-2015-8446 exploit added to Angler had been used by cybercriminals to deliver a new variant of the TeslaCrypt ransomware. VirusTotal shows that only a handful of antimalware products detected the new variant at the time of discovery.
Once it infects a computer, the ransomware encrypts files and renames them with a .vvv extension. Victims are instructed to pay $500 within one week, after which the price for the private key needed to recover the files increases to $1,000.
Fortinet researchers published a blog post last week detailing a spam campaign designed to deliver the same TeslaCrypt variant. However, as Fox-IT’s Yonathan Klijnsma pointed out, Fortinet researchers confused TeslaCrypt with CryptoWall. It’s worth noting that TeslaCrypt 2.0 copies the ransom screen from CryptoWall 3.0.
Heimdal Security reported earlier this month that it had observed a rise in TeslaCrypt infections. Attackers launched a large spam campaign to deliver the ransomware to companies in the United States and various European countries, including Germany, the UK, France, Italy and Spain.
TeslaCrypt has been around since at least February 2015, but it started making headlines in March when experts noticed that it was targeting video game files. TeslaCrypt 2.0, released in July, brought an improved encryption mechanism.