Security Experts:

Connect with us

Hi, what are you looking for?



PLC and HMI Password Cracking Tools Deliver Malware

Tools advertised as being capable of cracking passwords for HMIs, PLCs and other industrial products have been found to exploit a zero-day vulnerability, and threat actors are using these tools to deliver malware.

Tools advertised as being capable of cracking passwords for HMIs, PLCs and other industrial products have been found to exploit a zero-day vulnerability, and threat actors are using these tools to deliver malware.

Engineers responsible for the industrial systems within an organization may one day find themselves in a situation where a PLC, an HMI or a project file that needs to be updated is protected by a password they don’t know — the password may have been forgotten or set by someone who has left the company.

Searching the web for a solution can lead engineers to websites advertising tools that are designed to crack passwords for specific industrial products.

An analysis conducted by industrial cybersecurity company Dragos shows that such password cracking tools can also deliver malware.

Dragos has investigated a tool designed for DirectLogic PLCs from AutomationDirect, but the same threat actor also offers password cracking software for several other products from Omron, Siemens, ABB, Delta Automation, Fuji Electric, Mitsubishi Electric, Pro-face (Schneider Electric), Vigor, Allen-Bradley (Rockwell Automation), Panasonic, LG, Fatek, and IDEC.

A brief analysis suggests that these other tools likely also deliver malware and Dragos noted that similar tools have been offered by others as well.

PLC password cracking tool

The DirectLogic PLC cracking tool did return the device’s password and it did so by exploiting a previously unknown vulnerability. The flaw, tracked as CVE-2022-2003, can be exploited to cause the PLC to provide its password in clear text in response to a specially crafted request sent over Ethernet or the serial port.

AutomationDirect has patched this and a DoS vulnerability after being notified by Dragos. CISA has released two advisories to inform organizations about the security holes.

The password cracking tool analyzed by Dragos delivered the well-known Sality malware, which has been around for two decades, often being used by cybercriminals for financial gain.

While threat actors could in theory use the access provided by Sality to disrupt industrial processes, the cybersecurity firm believes the group distributing these tools is financially motivated and it’s trying to make a profit through cryptocurrency theft.

While it may not target operational technology (OT) systems directly, Sality has been known to block resources related to antimalware products and this could have regulatory implications in the case of industrial organizations.

“Since Sality blocks any outgoing connections, antivirus systems will not be able to receive updates violating reliability standard CIP-007-6,” Dragos explained.

Related: Thousands of Industrial Firms Targeted in Attacks Leveraging Short-Lived Malware

Related: Ransomware Often Hits Industrial Systems, With Significant Impact

Written By

Eduard Kovacs (@EduardKovacs) is a contributing editor at SecurityWeek. He worked as a high school IT teacher for two years before starting a career in journalism as Softpedia’s security news reporter. Eduard holds a bachelor’s degree in industrial informatics and a master’s degree in computer techniques applied in electrical engineering.

Click to comment

Daily Briefing Newsletter

Subscribe to the SecurityWeek Email Briefing to stay informed on the latest threats, trends, and technology, along with insightful columns from industry experts.

Join this webinar to learn best practices that organizations can use to improve both their resilience to new threats and their response times to incidents.


Join this live webinar as we explore the potential security threats that can arise when third parties are granted access to a sensitive data or systems.


Expert Insights

Related Content


Zendesk is informing customers about a data breach that started with an SMS phishing campaign targeting the company’s employees.


Satellite TV giant Dish Network confirmed that a recent outage was the result of a cyberattack and admitted that data was stolen.


The release of OpenAI’s ChatGPT in late 2022 has demonstrated the potential of AI for both good and bad.


The changing nature of what we still generally call ransomware will continue through 2023, driven by three primary conditions.

Application Security

PayPal is alerting roughly 35,000 individuals that their accounts have been targeted in a credential stuffing campaign.


No one combatting cybercrime knows everything, but everyone in the battle has some intelligence to contribute to the larger knowledge base.


As it evolves, web3 will contain and increase all the security issues of web2 – and perhaps add a few more.


A recently disclosed vBulletin vulnerability, which had a zero-day status for roughly two days last week, was exploited in a hacker attack targeting the...