Security Experts:

Connect with us

Hi, what are you looking for?

SecurityWeekSecurityWeek

Cybercrime

Legitimate Tools Abused For Fileless Infections

Many organizations around the world have been targeted in attacks that leveraged legitimate tools for fileless infections and traffic tunneling, Kaspersky Lab reported on Wednesday.

Many organizations around the world have been targeted in attacks that leveraged legitimate tools for fileless infections and traffic tunneling, Kaspersky Lab reported on Wednesday.

Malicious actors are increasingly using malware that works directly from memory and legitimate software – both open and closed source – to make detection and incident response more difficult for defenders.

While analyzing an attack aimed at a bank, Kaspersky experts discovered that the attackers had used several legitimate applications, without any actual malware, to achieve their goal. The security firm later identified more than 140 similar attacks aimed at banks, telecom companies and government organizations in the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Ecuador, Kenya, Brazil, Spain, Israel and 32 other countries.

Fileless attacks observed by Kaspersky Lab

The cybercriminals leveraged an exploit for a known vulnerability to breach the servers of the targeted organizations. Once they gained access, they used the Mimikatz exploitation tool to obtain credentials that would provide them the elevated privileges needed to execute the other tools.

They then used PowerShell scripts, components of the Metasploit framework (e.g. Msfvenom and Meterpreter), and the standard Windows tool Sc to deploy malicious code in memory. Another standard Windows utility, Netsh, allowed the hackers to set up a proxy tunnel that could be used to communicate with the command and control (C&C) server and remotely control the infected host.

Since the malicious code is stored only in memory and the Windows registry, nearly all traces of the attack disappear after a reboot of the device, making detection and forensic analysis difficult.

The tactics, techniques and procedures are similar to the ones of the cybercrime groups known as Carbanak and GCMAN, but the lack of evidence left behind by the attackers makes attribution difficult and researchers could not confirm that all the attacks were launched by the same actor.

“Techniques like those described in this report are becoming more common, especially against relevant targets in the banking industry. Unfortunately the use of common tools combined with different tricks makes detection very hard,” explained Kaspersky researchers.

“After successful disinfection and cleaning, it is necessary to change all passwords. This attack shows how no malware samples are needed for successful exfiltration of a network and how standard and open source utilities make attribution almost impossible,” they added.

Related: Hackers Use Basic Tools After Breaching Your Network

Related: Attackers Increasingly Abuse Open Source Security Tools

Written By

Eduard Kovacs (@EduardKovacs) is a contributing editor at SecurityWeek. He worked as a high school IT teacher for two years before starting a career in journalism as Softpedia’s security news reporter. Eduard holds a bachelor’s degree in industrial informatics and a master’s degree in computer techniques applied in electrical engineering.

Click to comment

Expert Insights

Related Content

Cybercrime

Zendesk is informing customers about a data breach that started with an SMS phishing campaign targeting the company’s employees.

Cybercrime

The release of OpenAI’s ChatGPT in late 2022 has demonstrated the potential of AI for both good and bad.

Cybercrime

A new study by McAfee and the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) named a staggering figure as the true annual cost of...

Cybercrime

The FBI dismantled the network of the prolific Hive ransomware gang and seized infrastructure in Los Angeles that was used for the operation.

Malware & Threats

Microsoft plans to improve the protection of Office users by blocking XLL add-ins from the internet.

Cybercrime

Video games developer Riot Games says source code was stolen from its development environment in a ransomware attack

Cybercrime

CISA, NSA, and MS-ISAC issued an alert on the malicious use of RMM software to steal money from bank accounts.

Cybercrime

Chinese threat actor DragonSpark has been using the SparkRAT open source backdoor in attacks targeting East Asian organizations.