Mozilla has patched a total of 14 vulnerabilities, including ones rated critical and high severity, with the release of Firefox 46.
Firefox 46 addresses four critical issues, described as memory safety bugs affecting the browser engine. The flaws, discovered by Mozilla developers, can lead to crashes and, in some circumstances, to arbitrary code execution.
The following CVE identifiers have been assigned to the critical vulnerabilities: CVE-2016-2804, CVE-2016-2805, CVE-2016-2806 and CVE-2016-2807.
Of the five high severity issues resolved in the latest Firefox release, one was reported to Mozilla by the Communications-Electronics Security Group (CESG), the information security arm of the UK’s Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ).
If certain conditions are met, it could be possible to exploit the flaw (CVE-2016-2808) for arbitrary code execution, but Mozilla pointed out that an attacker would need to get the victim to keep a malicious page open for an extended period of time until the overflow is triggered.
Another high severity vulnerability, one that can be exploited via specially crafted web content to trigger a potentially exploitable crash, has been reported by researcher Sascha Just. The weakness, tracked as CVE-2016-2814, is caused by a buffer overflow in the libstagefright library.
Another issue that only affects the Android version of Firefox was identified by Ken Okuyama. He found a moderate severity bug that allows a malicious application to read data, including browser history and locally saved passwords. Only Android versions prior to 5.0 are affected.
Researcher Loober Yang has been credited for identifying two high severity flaws related to Service Workers (CVE-2016-2811 and CVE-2016-2812).
The list of moderate severity issues patched in Firefox includes a privilege escalation through file deletion, a web extension privilege escalation, and a Health Report weakness.