Google Project Zero researcher Tavis Ormandy has discovered a critical remote code execution vulnerability in the Cisco WebEx browser extension. Cisco’s initial fix does not appear to be complete, which has led to Google and Mozilla temporarily removing the add-on from their stores.
While analyzing the WebEx extension for Chrome, which has roughly 20 million active users, Ormandy noticed that it works on any URL that contains a “magic” pattern. This allows an attacker to execute arbitrary code on the targeted WebEx user’s system by getting them to access a specially crafted website.
Cisco has attempted to patch the security hole by limiting the magic URL to https://*.webex.com and https://*.webex.com.cn domains. Ormandy said the fix was acceptable, but pointed out that the vulnerability could still be exploited silently through a potential cross-site scripting (XSS) flaw on webex.com.
Furthermore, even without the XSS, an attacker can still execute arbitrary code as long as the victim clicks “OK” when they are prompted to allow a WebEx meeting to launch on the malicious website.
Mozilla representatives said they were unhappy with Cisco’s fix and pointed out that webex.com does not use HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) and Content Security Policy (CSP).
“If I’m an adversary and I can find a single XSS on that domain, all I need to do at any point in the future is intercept an outgoing HTTP request from Chrome, insert a 302 redirect, and I have an instant RCE on who knows how many machines?” noted April King, information security engineer at Mozilla.
Others said they could still get Ormandy’s proof-of-concept (PoC) exploit to work even on the updated version.
As a result, both Google and Mozilla have decided to remove the WebEx extension from their stores until Cisco releases a proper fix.
“This is exactly the kind of ‘just visit this random website and now you have malware’ scenarios that we haven’t seen in a while (on a large scale), and that we don’t want to go back to,” said Filippo Valsorda, a researcher at CloudFlare.
Valsorda has published a blog post with advice on how to prevent these types of attacks in Chrome using browser profiles.
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