Researchers discovered ‘a young Russian hacker’ bragging in an online forum that he had acquired and was ready to give away 1.17 billion stolen credential records. Even after deduping, it still amounts to 272.3 million stolen accounts.
The discovery was made by Hold Security, a firm that specializes in locating, and effectively repatriating, stolen data. If the victims of email credential theft know they are victims, they have the opportunity to change their passwords. Unchanged, stolen credentials can be used in various criminal activities and account compromises.
Alex Hold, the founder and chief information security officer at Hold Security has in the passed worked closely with Brian Krebs (officially an unpaid advisor to the firm) in locating and breaking data breach stories.
In a blog today, Holden describes how his firm was first incredulous and then surprised at the sheer volume of credentials acquired by the hacker. They are the cumulative results of many different hacks rather a single new hack.
Reuters breaks down the content. 57 million are mail.ru accounts – which is “a big chunk of the 64 million monthly active email users Mail.ru said it had at the end of last year.” It added, “Yahoo Mail credentials numbered 40 million, or 15 percent of the 272 million unique IDs discovered. Meanwhile, 33 million, or 12 percent, were Microsoft Hotmail accounts and 9 percent, or nearly 24 million, were Gmail, according to Holden.”
Thousands more appear to be username and password combinations for employees of some of the largest US banking, manufacturing and retail companies.
Most of these stolen credentials have been seen before, which is not surprising if the total stash is an accumulation of data from a number of different hacks. But what surprised Holden most is that 42.5 million credentials have not been seen in the underworld before.
“This kid from a small town in Russia,” writes Holden, “collected an incredible 1.17 Billion stolen credentials from numerous breaches that we are still working on identifying. 272 million of those credentials turned out to be unique, which in turn, translated to 42.5 million credentials – 15% of the total, that we have never seen before.”
In August 2014, Hold discoverd a Russian hacker group that obtained an estimated 1.2 billion unique Internet credentials collected from various websites around world.