Security Experts:

Poisoned Installers Found in SolarWinds Hackers Toolkit

The ongoing multi-vendor investigations into the SolarWinds mega-hack took another twist this week with the discovery of new malware artifacts that could be used in future supply chain attacks.

According to a new report from anti-malware firm SentinelOne, the latest wave of attacks being attributed to APT29/Nobelium threat actor includes a custom downloader that is part of a “poisoned update installer” for electronic keys used by the Ukrainian government.

SentinelOne principal threat researcher Juan Andrés Guerrero-Saade documented the latest finding in a blog post that advances previous investigations from Microsoft and Volexity. “At this time, the means of distribution [for the poisoned update installer] are unknown. It’s possible that these update archives are being used as part of a regionally-specific supply chain attack,” Guerrero-Saade said.

[SEEHackers Targeted SolarWinds Earlier Than Previously Known ]

Guerrero-Saade said the latest iteration of malware activity linked to Nobelium uses a convoluted multi-stage infection chain that runs five to six layers deep. This includes the use of ‘DLL_stageless’ downloaders, called NativeZone, that serves as booby-trapped update installer for a Ukrainian cryptographic smartkey used in government operations.

Guerrero-Saade’s analysis of the campaign found the Cobalt Strike Beacon payload serving as an “early scout” that enables selective distribution of unique payloads directly into memory. “After years of burned iterations on custom toolkits, [this APT] has opted for maximizing return on investment by simply lowering their upfront investment.”

“We stop short of referring to this as a supply chain attack since we lack visibility into its means of distribution. The poisoned installer may be delivered directly to relevant victims that rely on this regional solution. Alternatively, the attackers may have found a way of abusing an internal resource to distribute their malicious ‘update’,” Guerrero-Saade said. 

Related: SolarWinds Hackers Impersonate U.S. Government Agency in New Attacks

Related: Three New Malware Strains Linked to SolarWinds Hackers

Related: Disconnect Internet for 3-5 Days to Evict SolarWinds Hackers From Network

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Ryan Naraine is Editor-at-Large at SecurityWeek and host of the popular Security Conversations podcast series. Ryan is a veteran cybersecurity strategist who has built security engagement programs at major global brands, including Intel Corp., Bishop Fox and GReAT. He is a co-founder of Threatpost and the global SAS conference series. Ryan's past career as a security journalist included bylines at major technology publications including Ziff Davis eWEEK, CBS Interactive's ZDNet, PCMag and PC World. Ryan is a director of the Security Tinkerers non-profit, an advisor to early-stage entrepreneurs, and a regular speaker at security conferences around the world. Follow Ryan on Twitter @ryanaraine.