Microsoft this week announced the availability of a new password spray detection for Azure AD Identity Protection customers.
Password spraying represents one of the most common forms of attack, where threat actors attempt to breach organizations by trying common passwords against multiple accounts. According to Microsoft, one-third of account compromises are the result of such an attack.
“Instead of trying many passwords against one user, they try to defeat lockout and detection by trying many users against one password. Effective forms of this attack are ‘low and slow,’ where the bad actor uses thousands of IP addresses (such as from a botnet) to attack many tenants with a few common passwords,” the tech giant explains.
With one or two attempts per day, which fall within the normal login patterns, such attacks typically go undetected and traditional protections such as password lockout and IP blocking are bypassed too.
According to Microsoft, password spray attacks yield a 1% success rate, but only if the targeted accounts don’t use password protection.
A look at such attacks across Azure Active Directory (AD) tenants around the world can reveal the patterns of a password spray: the attempts that use the same password generate the same hash, making them traceable.
“The huge elevation of a single hash failing across many accounts indicates a single password being attempted against hundreds of thousands of usernames from many tenants—a password spray attack in progress,” Microsoft explains.
Using this approach, the tech company came up with a heuristic detection for password spray, which allowed it to warn tenants “of hundreds of thousands of attacks monthly.” Based on this, the company built a new tool for password spray risk detection.
The new detection can identify twice as many compromised accounts compared to the previous heuristic algorithm, but maintains a 98% precision. The new risk detection is being introduced in the Azure AD Identity Protection portal and APIs for Identity Protection.