Microsoft this week announced that the Transport Layer Security (TLS) 1.3 protocol is now enabled by default in Windows 10 Insider Preview builds, and that it will be rolled out to all Windows 10 systems.
The latest version of the traffic encryption protocol was approved and published in 2018, providing improved communication security compared to its predecessors, aiming to prevent eavesdropping and tampering even by attackers in control of the network.
With TLS 1.0 and TLS 1.1 considered insecure, exposing communications to a variety of attacks, including BEAST, CRIME and POODLE, tech companies such as Cloudflare, Google, Microsoft, Mozilla, and others have long been pushing for the retirement of older protocols and the broad adoption of TLS 1.3.
“TLS 1.3 is the latest version of the internet’s most deployed security protocol, which encrypts data to provide a secure communication channel between two endpoints. TLS 1.3 eliminates obsolete cryptographic algorithms, enhances security over older versions, and aims to encrypt as much of the handshake as possible,” Microsoft points out.
The company, which will add TLS 1.3 support to .NET in version 5.0, also urges developers to begin testing their applications and services, to ensure they provide support for the protocol. The cipher suites supported in the Windows TLS stack are TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256, TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384, and TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256.
By providing encryption earlier in the handshake, the protocol improves confidentiality and prevents interference. It also encrypts the client certificate, to ensure privacy and eliminate renegotiation for secure client authentication.
TLS 1.3, the tech giant says, is enabled by default in IIS/HTTP.SYS, and Microsoft Edge Legacy and Internet Explorer allow users to enable TLS 1.3 by heading to Internet options > Advanced settings. The Chromium-based Microsoft Edge, on the other hand, does not leverage the Windows TLS stack and it can be configured using the Edge://flags dialog.
“Security support provider interface (SSPI) callers can use TLS 1.3 by passing the new crypto-agile SCH_CREDENTIALS structure when calling AcquireCredentialsHandle, which will enable TLS 1.3 by default. SSPI callers using TLS 1.3 need to make sure their code correctly handles SEC_I_RENEGOTIATE,” Microsoft also notes.
Related: Major Browsers to Kill TLS 1.0, 1.1
Related: IETF Publishes TLS 1.3 as RFC 8446