A new file-encrypting ransomware dubbed by researchers “Telecrypt” abuses the instant messaging service Telegram for command and control (C&C) communications and to allow victims to send messages to the attackers.
The malware, detected by Kaspersky Lab as Trojan-Ransom.Win32.Telecrypt, only targets users in Russia. In order to avoid having to create their own service for communications between the malware and its server, Telecrypt creators decided to abuse Telegram’s communication protocol.
When first launched, the Delphi-written Trojan generates a file encryption key and an infection ID. The malware creates a Telegram bot and uses the Telegram API to inform cybercriminals that the infection has been successful and provide them some information about the infected system, including a chat number, computer name, infection ID, and the seed for the encryption key.
After collecting information on the infected device, the ransomware searches the hard drive for specific files and encrypts them. In some cases, the malware adds the .Xcri extension to encrypted files, but researchers also found a sample that does not change the original extension.
Once the files have been encrypted, the malware downloads an executable file from a compromised WordPress website. This module, dubbed by the cybercriminals “Informer,” displays the ransom note and informs victims that they have to pay 5,000 RUB ($77) to recover their files. The ransom can be paid via the Russian payment services Qiwi or Yandex.Money.
The ransom screen also includes a text field that victims can use to communicate with the cybercriminals. This feature also abuses the Telegram service.
Judging by the poorly written ransom note and other aspects, experts believe Telecrypt developers are not very skilled. Furthermore, the ransomware uses a simple encryption algorithm, which Kaspersky researchers have managed to crack. The security firm has advised Telecrypt victims not to pay the ransom and instead contact its support team for help in decrypting the files.
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