The Department of Justice announced on Wednesday that Thompson, known online as “erratic,” was indicted by a federal grand jury and will be arraigned on September 5 in the U.S. District Court in Seattle.
Capital One is the only organization that has been named in the indictment, but three other victims have been described as a state agency, a telecommunications conglomerate located outside the U.S., and a public research university in the United States. All of these victims used the services of Amazon Web Services (AWS) — AWS is not specifically named; the indictment references AWS as “the Cloud Computing Company.”
Investigators claim Thompson created a piece of software that allowed her to scan the web for AWS customers that had misconfigured their firewalls, allowing someone to access their servers and the data stored on them. Thompson allegedly not only stole data, but also used the compromised AWS servers to mine cryptocurrency.
Thompson was arrested and her residence was searched in late July. While she did use the Tor network to hide her identity from AWS and the targeted AWS customers, she was not difficult to track down as she openly discussed the hacks on Slack and IRC channels.
Authorities have found no evidence that Thompson sold or disseminated any of the stolen information, but they claim she did use some of the compromised servers to mine cryptocurrency “for her own benefit.”
Thompson faces up to 25 years in prison. A judge ordered her to remain in custody because she is a flight risk and poses a physical danger to herself and others.
AWS recently said that it reached out to customers allegedly targeted by the hacker, but none of them reported any significant issues.